Marc Kean

June 30, 2011

Exchange 2010 – Domain Controller and Global Catalog servers being used by Exchange

Filed under: Computers and Internet,Uncategorized — marckean @ 3:35 pm

You might have two Active Directory sites and one Domain Controller/Global Catalog in each site. In one of the sites, you might have Exchange 2010. In the event log for Exchange 2010, event ID 2080 might say:

Process MSEXCHANGEADTOPOLOGYSERVICE.EXE (PID=1296). Exchange Active Directory Provider has discovered the following servers with the following characteristics:
(Server name | Roles | Enabled | Reachability | Synchronized | GC capable | PDC | SACL right | Critical Data | Netlogon | OS Version)
In-site:
DC-01.dc.local    CDG 1 7 7 1 0 1 1 7 1
Out-of-site:
DC-02.dc.local    CDG 1 7 7 1 0 1 1 7 1

To statically tell Exchange 2010 to use certain Domain Controller and/or Global Catalog servers, use the Set-ExchangeServer cmdlet.

To see the current settings, run Get-ExchangeServer –Identity <server_name> -Status | FL. By default StaticDomainControllers and StaticGlobalCatalog will be blank.

To set new settings run:

  • Set-ExchangeServer -Identity <server_name> -StaticDomainControllers DC-01.dc.local,DC-02.dc.local to set the StaticDomainControllers
  • Set-ExchangeServer -Identity <server_name> -StaticGlobalCatalogs DC-01.dc.local,DC-02.dc.local to set the StaticGlobalCatalogs

You should see these changes reflected in two areas:

      • The event log, event ID 2080 should say something different this time

        Process MSEXCHANGEADTOPOLOGYSERVICE.EXE (PID=1296). Exchange Active Directory Provider has discovered the following servers with the following characteristics:
        (Server name | Roles | Enabled | Reachability | Synchronized | GC capable | PDC | SACL right | Critical Data | Netlogon | OS Version)
        In-site:
        DC-01.dc.local CDG 1 7 7 1 0 1 1 7 1
        DC-02.dc.local CDG 1 7 7 1 0 1 1 7 1
        Out-of-site:

      • The Exchange Management Console > Server Configuration

        image

To clear this entry, run

  • Set-ExchangeServer -Identity <server_name> -StaticDomainControllers $Null
  • Set-ExchangeServer -Identity <server_name> -StaticGlobalCatalogs $Null

33 Comments »

  1. I have an Exchange 2010 server that is pointing to a DC that I want to decommission. I noticed you used STATIC. Will this change the CurrentDomainController and CurrentGlobalCatalogs as well?

    Comment by jcal — December 30, 2011 @ 6:58 am | Reply

  2. How do you undo the static settings?

    Comment by DJ — January 9, 2012 @ 6:23 pm | Reply

  3. Thanks for researching that. After a lot of searching I had not been able to find the command(s) to remove the static settings.

    That command (or commands) seem logical, but after the commands:

    Set-ExchangeServer -StaticDomainControllers $Null
    Set-ExchangeServer -StaticGlobalCatalogs $Null
    both as above and with the -Identity tag before and even
    Set-ExchangeServer –Identity –StaticConfigDomainController $Null

    the properties of the server on the System Settings tab still shows the static servers that I had previously configured.

    Comment by DJ — January 10, 2012 @ 9:47 am | Reply

    • I think there is a bug in the console, you might need to close and re-open the console to refresh what you see. Do you have the latest service pack?

      Comment by Marc Kean — January 10, 2012 @ 12:12 pm | Reply

      • Yes, Exchange 2010 SP2. Closing the Exchange Management Console and opening it again still shows the static DC and GC server.

        Comment by DJ — January 10, 2012 @ 12:16 pm

    • I found out that the Exchange Management Console shows the CurrentDomainControllers and CurrentGlobalCatalogs, not the static settings. When the static setting are set to $null, Exchange will find the DC and GC servers and display them in that property sheet. There should always be something shown on that property sheet. After setting the three properties tto $null, a Get-ExchangeServer | Format-List commandlet shows StaticGlobalCatalogs and StaticGlobalCatalogs to be null ({}) and StaticExcludedDomainControllers to be empty.

      Comment by DJ — January 12, 2012 @ 4:57 am | Reply

      • You will have to use the swich -status to view the list of configured servers, Get-ExchangeServer -identity -Status | Format-List

        Comment by Kuriachan — July 2, 2012 @ 4:47 am

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  21. Hi Hello,

    I tried setting my Global Catalog to static by using the command “Set-ExchangeServer -Identity -StaticGlobalCatalogs DC-01.dc.local.”

    But when EMC and EMS is giving me an error

    “Connecting to remote server failied with the following error message: The WinRM client received an HTTP server error status (500), but the remove service did not include any other informaition about the cause of the failure. For more information, see the about_Remote_Troubleshooting Help topic.

    I have 2 local DC servers ( In-site) and 4 remote DC servers (out-of-site). one local DC is set as primary and the other is the global catalog. but EMC and EMS is looking for either of the 4 (out-of-site)remote DC servers to try to connect. its telling me me that All Global Catalog Servers in forest are not responding:

    Can anyone assist me with this issue

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